Complete list of Chinese measure words

Chinese is a unique language that has its own system of measure words, also known as classifiers. These measure words are used to count or quantify different objects, and they must be used alongside the corresponding noun. Learning about Chinese measure words is an important aspect of mastering the language, as they are used frequently in daily conversation. Here’s a guide on Chinese measure words and how to use them correctly.

When using measure words in Chinese, it is important to know which measure word corresponds with the noun you are describing. Some nouns have multiple measure words that can be used, so it’s important to choose the correct one for the context. Additionally, the measure word must be used alongside the number, and cannot be omitted.

For example, to say “two apples” in Chinese, you would say “兩個蘋果” (ㄌㄧㄤˇ ㄍㄜˋ ㄆㄧㄥˊ ㄍㄨㄛˇ). If you were counting dogs, you would use the measure word “隻” (ㄓ), so “two dogs” would be “兩隻狗” (ㄌㄧㄤˇ ㄓ ㄍㄡˇ).

Measure WordBopomofoPinyinUsage
ㄍㄜˋGeneral objects, people
zhīAnimals (cats, dogs, birds)
ㄊㄡˊtóuLarge animals (horses, cows)
ㄊㄧㄠˊtiáoLong, thin objects (snakes, rivers, pants)
ㄐㄧㄢˋjiànClothing (shirts, jackets, dresses)
ㄆㄧㄥˊpíngBottles, liquids
ㄆㄧˇCloth, textiles
ㄌㄧㄤˋliàngVehicles (cars, bikes, buses)
ㄐㄧㄚˋjiàMachines (planes, computers, cameras)
ㄌㄧˋSmall, round objects (beads, pills, grains)
ㄕㄢˋshànFans, doors
ㄉㄠˋdàoDishes, questions
ㄕㄨㄤshuāngPairs (shoes, socks, gloves)
ㄊㄞˊtáiElectronic devices (TVs, phones, computers)
ㄎㄜSmall, solid objects (seeds, teeth, gems)
ㄅㄚˇObjects with handles (umbrellas, knives, chairs)
zhīLong, thin objects (pen, pencil)
ㄎㄜTrees, plants
ㄨㄟˋwèiPeople (for social positions or seating arrangements)
ㄅㄠbāoBags of …
ㄇㄧㄥˊmíngPeople (for names)
ㄘˋTimes (for occurrences)
ㄉㄨㄣˋdùnMeals, courses
ㄅㄧㄢˋbiànTimes (for actions, movements)
ㄈㄣfēnPortions, segments
ㄆㄧㄢpiānArticles, essays, papers
ㄕㄡˇshǒuSongs, poems, music
ㄑㄩPieces of music
ㄅㄨˋMovies, books, machines
ㄔㄤˊchǎngEvents, performances
ㄓㄨㄥˇzhǒngTypes, kinds
ㄎㄨㄞˋkuàiChunks, pieces, lumps (of food or material)
ㄆㄧBatches, shipments, groups
ㄒㄧㄤxiāngBoxes, crates
ㄈㄣˋfènPortions, servings (of food)
ㄊㄠˋtàoSets, collections (of items)
ㄓㄤzhāngFlat objects (paper, pictures, maps)
ㄍㄣgēnLong, thin objects (rope, wire)
ㄓˇzhǐGloves, socks
ㄇㄧㄢˋmiànFlat objects (mirrors, flags, screens)
ㄐㄧㄥˇjǐngGiraffes, necks
ㄉㄨㄛˇduǒFlowers, clouds, mushrooms
ㄅㄟbēiCups, glasses of …
ㄅㄣˇbĕnBooks, magazines
ㄉㄚˇA dozen of …
ㄉㄞˋdàiBags of …
ㄐㄧㄚjiāCompanies, restaurants, stores
ㄨㄢˇwǎnFood and drink (bowl)
ㄒㄧㄤˋxiàngItemized things (clauses, tasks, research projects, etc.)
ㄒㄧㄝxiēA small amount or small number (greater than one)
ㄉㄧㄢˇdiǎnA little; a bit; some
ㄉㄨㄢˋduànStories, periods of time, lengths of thread, etc. (a section, segment or part)
ㄆㄧㄢˋpiànSlices, tablets, tracts of land, areas of water; CDs, movies, DVDs; scenes, feelings, atmospheres, etc.
ㄗㄜˊWritten items
ㄑㄩㄣˊqúnPeople or animals (a group, herd, flock or pack)
ㄙㄨㄛˇsuǒHouses, small buildings, institutions, etc. (schools, hospitals, etc.)
ㄇㄣˊménSubjects of study or fields of technical training
ㄍㄨㄢˋguànJars, pots or tins
ㄊㄨㄥˇtǒngBuckets, pails, cans, barrels, tubs, kegs
ㄌㄧㄝˋlièA series or row of things
ㄔㄨㄢˋchuànA string of things (string, bunch, cluster)

Chinese measure words are an important aspect of the language that must be mastered in order to communicate effectively. By understanding the different types of measure words and how to use them correctly, learners can enhance their Chinese language skills and communicate more accurately in everyday conversation.

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