In this article, I will show you how to introduce your nationality and where you live in Chinese. We will cover some basic vocabulary and grammar, so you can start using these phrases right away. Let’s get started!
A summary of the vocabulary (with both Bopomofo and Pinyin) is available at the end of the article.
Introducing your nationality in Chinese
Introducing your nationality in Chinese is a great way to start conversations and connect with people from different parts of the world. Follow this simple structure to tell people your nationality:
我 + 是 + [country] 人 – (ㄨㄛˇ + ㄕˋ + [country] ㄖㄣˊ )
The character 人 means “person”. When it’s followed by the name of a country, it refers to a person from that country or their nationality.
我是美國人 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄕˋ ㄇㄟˇ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄖㄣˊ) – I am American.
我是台灣人 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄕˋ ㄊㄞˊ ㄨㄢ ㄖㄣˊ) – I am Taiwanese.
Note that you can also replace the country with a state or a city in you want to be more specific.
我是加州人 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄚ ㄓㄡ ㄖㄣˊ) – I am Californian.
我是紐約人 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄕˋ ㄋㄧㄡˇ ㄩㄝ ㄖㄣˊ) – I am a New Yorker.
How to ask someone their nationality in Chinese?
If you want to ask someone about their nationality in Chinese, you can use this question:
你是哪國人? (ㄋㄧˇ ㄕˋ ㄋㄚˇ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄖㄣˊ ?)
This question literally means “Which country person are you?” and is a polite way to ask someone about their nationality.
Introducing where are you from in Chinese
In order to express where are you from (your origins) in Chinese, you can use the following sentence:
我 + 來自 + [country/ place] – (ㄨㄛˇ + ㄌㄞˊ ㄗˋ + [country/ place])
來自 literally means “come from”. It is used to express your country or city of origin.
我來自法國 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄌㄞˊ ㄗˋ ㄈㄚˇ ㄍㄨㄛˊ) – I am from France.
我來自台北 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄌㄞˊ ㄗˋ ㄊㄞˊ ㄅㄟˇ) – I am from Taipei.
This sentence structure can also be used to introduce your nationality, but it emphasizes your place of origin. If you were born in a different country than your nationality, you can use this sentence to express that.
我是美國人，但是我來自法國 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄕˋ ㄇㄟˇ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄖㄣˊ ， ㄉㄢˋ ㄕˋ ㄨㄛˇ ㄌㄞˊ ㄗˋ ㄈㄚˇ ㄍㄨㄛˊ) – I am American, but I am originally from France.
Introducing where you live in Chinese
If you want to introduce where you live to someone, you can use the following common phrase:
我 + 住 + 在 + [place] – (ㄨㄛˇ + ㄓㄨˋ + ㄗㄞˋ + [place])
The character 住 means “to live,” while 在 is a preposition that means “in,” “at,” or “on.”
Here are a few examples:
我住在台中 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄓㄨˋ ㄗㄞˋ ㄊㄞˊ ㄓㄨㄥ) – I live in Taichung.
我住在美國 (ㄨㄛˇ ㄓㄨˋ ㄗㄞˋ ㄇㄟˇ ㄍㄨㄛˊ) – I live in the US.
How to ask someone where they live in Chinese?
If you want to ask someone where they live, you can use the following question:
你住在哪裡? (ㄋㄧˇ ㄓㄨˋ ㄗㄞˋ ㄋㄚˇ ㄌㄧˇ ?)
The Chinese term 哪裡 means “where.” The question literally translates to “You live where?”
List of countries in Chinese
Here is a short list of common countries in Chinese, including their Bopomofo, Pinyin, and Chinese characters:
|Chinese Characters||Bopomofo||Pinyin||English Name|
|台灣||ㄊㄞˊ ㄨㄢ||tái wān||Taiwan|
|中國||ㄓㄨㄥ ㄍㄨㄛˊ||zhōng guó||China|
|美國||ㄇㄟˇㄍㄨㄛˊ||měi guó||United States|
|日本||ㄖˋ ㄅㄣˇ||rì běn||Japan|
|韓國||ㄏㄢˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ||hán guó||South Korea|
|加拿大||ㄐㄧㄚ ㄋㄚˊ ㄉㄚˋ||jiā ná dà||Canada|
|澳洲||ㄠˋ ㄓㄡ||Ào zhōu||Australia|
|英國||ㄧㄥ ㄍㄨㄛˊ||yīng guó||United Kingdom|
|德國||ㄉㄜˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ||dé guó||Germany|
|法國||ㄈㄚˇ ㄍㄨㄛˊ||fà guó||France|
|西班牙||ㄒㄧ ㄅㄢ ㄧㄚˊ||xī bān yá||Spain|
|義大利||ㄧˋ ㄉㄚˋ ㄌㄧˋ||yì dà lì||Italy|
|巴西||ㄅㄚ ㄒㄧ||bā xī||Brazil|
|俄羅斯||ㄜˊ ㄌㄨㄛˊ ㄙ||È luó sī||Russia|
|印度||ㄧㄣˋ ㄉㄨˋ||yìn dù||India|
|墨西哥||ㄇㄛˋ ㄒㄧ ㄍㄜ||mò xī gē||Mexico|
|印尼||ㄧㄣˋ ㄋㄧˊ||yìn ní||Indonesia|
|土耳其||ㄊㄨˇ ㄦˇ ㄑㄧˊ||tǔ ěr qí||Turkey|
|荷蘭||ㄏㄜˊ ㄌㄢˊ||hé lán||Netherlands|
|沙烏地阿拉伯||ㄕㄚ ㄨ ㄉㄧˋ ㄚ ㄌㄚ ㄅㄛˊ||shā wū dì ā lā bó||Saudi Arabia|
Summary of the vocabulary
|來自||ㄌㄞˊ ㄗˋ||lái zì||Come from|
|但是||ㄉㄢˋ ㄕˋ||dàn shì||But|
|在||ㄗㄞˋ||zài||In, at, on|
|哪裡||ㄋㄚˇ ㄌㄧˇ||nǎ lǐ||Where|
By stating your nationality and where you live, you can immediately establish a connection with your Taiwanese or Chinese counterparts and spark conversations about your background and experiences.